The Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 was a comprehensive transportation funding and policy act of the United States Federal Government. The legislation was championed by the Reagan administration to address concerns about the surface transportation infrastructure (highways and bridges). The Act added a nickel to the gas tax (the first such increase since 1961) which was then dedicated to restore interstate highways and bridges. The Act also set a goal of 10 percent for participation of disadvantaged business enterprises in federal-aid projects.
Section 165, called the "Buy America" provision or Buy America Act (not to be confused with the 1933 enacted Buy American Act) applies to mass-transit related procurements. It established requirements intended to give preference to the use of domestically produced materials on any procurements funded at least in part by federal funds. Implementation of the requirements is regulated by the Federal Transit Administration.